Cum Petro et Sub Petro

With Peter & Under Peter

Saturday, May 18, 2013

The Theotokos

The Theotokos is the Virgin Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ. Theotokos is distinct from Christotokos although both words refer to the Virgin Mary. Theotokos refers to the the person who gave birth to God and Christotokos means the woman who gave birth to Jesus. Theo refers to "god" and "tokos" is the giving birth part. Like the spear-bearer or doryphoros, theophoros literally means god-bearer, although Theotokos is also often translated as god-bearer. Those who supported the Nestorian heresy considered Mary the Christotokos rather than the Theotokos, and believed that she bore Jesus in human form. Those who consider Mary the Theotokos believe she bore the divine Jesus.
source: Ancient,Classical History
Luke,Chapter 1 [26] And in the sixth month, the angel Gabriel was sent from God into a city of Galilee, called Nazareth, [27] To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin' s name was Mary. [28] And the angel being come in, said unto her: Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women. [29] Who having heard, was troubled at his saying, and thought with herself what manner of salutation this should be. [30] And the angel said to her: Fear not, Mary, for thou hast found grace with God.... [41] And it came to pass, that when Elizabeth heard the salutation of Mary, the infant leaped in her womb. And Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Ghost: [42] And she cried out with a loud voice, and said: Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb. [43] And whence is this to me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? [44]
Genesis 3,15 I will put enmity between you and the woman,and between your offspring and hers;They will strike at your head,while you strike at their heel.

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